18 Tishrei 5782 / Friday, September 24, 2021 | Torah Reading: Sukkot
 
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HomeFoundations of JudaismRabbinic LeadersRabbi Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov
 
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Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov    

Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov



Date of Passing: 11-Tammuz. Chassidic leader and Kabbalist. Student of the Chozeh of Lublin. His famous book Ateret Tzvi, is a commentary on the Zohar.

 



Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov
 
Tzvi Hirsh, born 1763 in Sambor and died in Zidichov 1831, was a Chassidic rabbi and the founder of the Zidichov Chasaidic Judaism dynasty in Zidichov. He was a disciple of Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin the "Seer of Lublin" (Chozeh of Lublin). He was introduced to the Chozeh by his younger brother Rabbi Moshe of Sambor.
 
Among Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh's students were Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac of Komarna, Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech of Dinov (the Bnei Yisaschar), Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac of Zidichov, Rabbi Shimon of Yaruslav and Rabbi Shalom of Kaminka.
 
Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh was very passionate about studying Kabbalah, Zohar and the Kitvei Ari ("writings of Rabbi Yitzchak Luria") in particular. He made a tremendous effort in encouraging Jews to study Zohar and the Kitvei Ari. With the assistance of his students, some yeshivot in Galicia added the study of Kabbalah to their curriculum. Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh blended the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov with the kabbalah of the Ari.
 
His book Ateret Tzvi includes his commentary on the Zohar. In his book Sur Mi'ra Ve'ase Tov ("refrain from evil and do good"), he shows the path to spiritual growth with the assistance of Zohar study and the Kitvei Ari.
 
Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac of Komarna writes in one of his books that the soul of his teacher Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh is "from the root of the soul of Rabbi Chaim Vital which is close to the soul of Rabbi Akiva". Once Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh told his brother Rabbi Moshe of Sambor that in one of his "previous lives" he was Rabbi Yishmael Kohen Gadol (one of a series of high priests of the Second Temple). The righteous Jews of his generation said he had the soul of the famous Yenukah, mentioned in the Zohar portion of Balak. Another one of his students Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac of Zidichov said " I heard from the holy mouth of my teacher that he was one of the students of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai".
 




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